A Xylotheque is an special herbarium collection that preserves wood specimens with the aim of improving the knowledge of the economical and scientific value of the existing woods. It allows the study of the samples from a morphological point of view, but it can also be used to analyze its physical and mechanical properties, its chemical components, its durability and its conservation.
The Xylotheque kept at the Botanical Institute of Barcelona (IBB) herbarium comes mostly from a donation made by the natural and environmental resources manager Joan Teruel i Esmel. To date it includes 145 samples, most of them being trunk sections from Cuba and from forest farms of Catalonia collected between 2012 and 2013. It is worth highlighting the venetian schooner wood sample from the XVII century drowned in Formentera coast and found in 2017 perfectly preserved.
This collection is available at GBIF on the following link (exportation date: November 2019).